The great river Indus flows through its course from Tibet and Ladakh to Thatta and Shah Bunder in Pakistan. After the creation of Pakistan in 1947, the people who have been living along the both sides of the river, falling within territory of Pakistan, have witnessed over a period of 49 years, a social and anthropological changes in their lives and attitudes than a mere geographical relocation. In Sanskrit classics, the name of Indus river is given as Sindhu. The Greek historians and travelers changed it to Indus, from which the inhabitants of the region Heyon it came to be called as Indoos. But, the most well known name for the river in the region itself remains Sindh, a province of Pakistan also being designated by the same name. But there is also a possibility that the original name of the world famous Indus or Sindh river is Singh Khabab, as it is known to the people of Ladhak. It means the “mouth of the lion”. Because the people of this northernmost region of the subcontinent believe that this river originates in their mist.
The social value which includes one most important bearing - the health and health design of the people – the traditional system of medicine have been influenced by the river and the use made of its course. Because largest portion of the course of Indus passes through Pakistan. Therefore it can be said that Pakistan is formed by the river Indus and its innumerable tributaries from eastern and western sides of its 1500 mile long course. The vegetations or plants grown naturally or cultivated in the hilly areas and in the plains have been utilized for the cure and well being of its people. Therefore the study of medicinal plant utilization and its use in health care provides a fascination in the changing pattern of traditional system which has developed in its own way as a localized or isolated phenomenon which needs a name of the system in its own, and that is why the word Indusyunic seems more appropriate and plausible to describe the overall impact of typical curative tradition.