If we look at the scenario of traditional medicine in Far East Asia, then Chinese system of traditional medicine have influenced and traveled a distance for application and utilization as far as Korea and Japan and dominated for over sixty years as Chinese Medicine. But with the development of traditional system of medicine in their own way and context of learning of healing art, the traditional medicine in Japan and Korea are progressively referred to as Kampo-Yaku and Han Medicine respectively and are quite independent of Sino (Chinese) medicine. Keeping these point of views in consideration there appears to be quite sharp division between traditional system of medicine being practiced in India and Pakistan <196> both independent in way of their implications and application, need to design their traditional medicine with name of their own, such as Indusyunic and Ayurvedic for Pakistan and India respectively.
Sino Medicine Kampo Medicine Han Medicine
(China) (Japan) (Korea)
Ayurvedic Medicine Indusyunic Medicine
Pakistan stretches right from Arabian Sea on the west to Tibet plateau. Starting from the Arabian Sea level, Pakistan rises, to 8611 meters at K-2 (second highest peak of the world) in Karakoram range where its frontiers reach the permanent snow fields of Wakhans in Pamir regions).
In Pakistan flowering plants are represented by 205 families, 1557 genera and c. 5691 species including naturalized and cultivated taxa. Pakistan has a coast line of 885 km bordering north Arabian Sea. The marine seaweeds comprise 177 genera and 475 species of marine planktonic and benthic algae.
Four phytogeographical regions of Pakistan are recognized by Ali and Qaiser in an analysis of phanerograms of Pakistan i.e. (1) Irano-Turanian region, (2) Sino-Japanese region, (3) Saharo Sindhian region and (4) Indian region. Overall there are only 6 endemic genera, and estimated 372 endemic species in Pakistan out of 5691 species.
Herbal medicinals have always been used since prehistoric time till todate for curative purpose and plants provided most of these drug entities. An organized study of natural products, started at the beginning of 19th century, has been a pivotal factor in the development of potent biologically active molecules from plants. Therefore plants not only continued to retain their historical significance as one of the important source of new medicine for the treatment of diseases like cancer, acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), malaria, schistosomiasis, and disorders of cardiovascular and central nervous system, and many more. For all these reasons, bioactive molecules of plants have been always available to serve as source of inspiration to advance the traditional medicine and to prepare it to accept new challenges in time to come.
The Indusyunic medicine, which is in vogue in Pakistan, is based on plants, animals and minerals medicine having the definite principles and application, being practiced and perpetuated in the past and at present time is amalgamating the scientific theories and arguments. Thus Indusyunic medicine is now growing out of the fusion of diverse thought and experience of an ancient cultural heritage vis a vis new applications and technologies based on scientific approach for a better health drug delivery system in the changing times. Therefore the Indusyunic medicine has embarked upon a program to get enriched by imbibing what is best for health care for the people living in Pakistan. The Indusyunic medicine in time to come will pave way for more scientific enquiries, investigations and research in different aspects of herbal therapy with rationalization to understand it even better. An attempt is made in this text to investigate all the material and component of Unani medicine. Traditional Unani medicine being practiced at the time being in Pakistan to be understood better in the form of Indusyunic medicine, to provide comprehensive learning and thus to compliment the information of healing phenomena by herb animal and mineral drugs. Consequently the Indusyunic medicine aims at combating diseases and preservation and promotion of health through curative, preventive and promotive measures. For the treatment of various common and chronic diseases, medicine obtained from natural sources e.g. plants, animals and minerals, are used in this system. The subsequent chapters in this text were given a free rein in terms of contents on Unani medicine so that Indusyunic medicine be understood for the maintenance of health, ward off ailments, and seek remedy to alleviate diseases.
Consequently-medication, simply stated and in a curative sense, would be the ability to see the well being of a subject through the trees, animals and minerals existing on this earth; to be able to look diseases beyond the coming time; to be able to anticipate possible variation in the malaise and malady, and thus proactively take action to diagnose and prescribe traditional medicine; to be non-averse to adopt change in a dynamics to treat and to heal; to be able to determine what the Indusyunic medicine can be and achieve at its very best to serve the people in their health care design.