Asia, the massive giants of continents, spread its 17,000,000 square miles from polar enclaves to regions of tropical abundance. Asia vastness is occupied by desert, steppes and frozen landmass. Rugged upland areas stretch from Turkey, Iran, Afghanistan through the high rise Tibetan plateau. These barriers separate Asia into South West, South and South East Asia from that of arch angle of 15 new republics carved out from Russian empire.
Rimming the south and east coasts of the continent are the most densely populated regions of the world, each dominated by a life giving river system. The Tigris, and Euphrates, the Indus and Ganges, the Irrawaddy and Salween, the Menam and Mekong, the Youngtze and Hwang Ho.
The civilization associated with this populace were developed largely upon the strength of intensive agricultural system. Therefore a way of life has resulted consistent with their heritage, historic contribution, natural resources vis a vis their interaction with the different societies, culture and civilization, and amalgamation of their learning and knowledge for their physical well being.
Pakistan which came into being in 1947, historically it is the area drained and irrigated by the river Indus. Therefore it seems that actually it is the river that derives the name from the area it washes throughout its length either from its tributaries, canals or branches. Pakistan during the course of 49 years is a political unity comprising four provinces Punjab, Sindh, Balochistan and North West Frontier Province and also federally administered tribal areas, with their distinctive languages and custom leading to the formation of homogeneity because of common civilization and outlook on life.
Pakistan is situated between 23-37oN and 61-89oE. The total area is 796096 sq. kms. It comprises four provinces: Punjab (205345 sq. kms.), Sindh (140914 (sq. kms.), North West Frontier Province (74521 sq. kms.), Balochistan (347190 sq. kms.), federally administered tribal area (27220 sq. kms.) and the capital Islamabad (906 sq. kms.).
Pakistan occupies a historic and significant position because in north it has common border with Peoples Republic of China, in the West is Afghanistan, and in South is Iran. To the east is Indian territory, whereas Arabian Sea occupies in the South.
Pakistan comprises six major physical geographical regions (i) northern mountains, (ii) western off shoots of Himalayas, (iii) Balochistan plateau, (iv) Potwar plateau and salt range, (v) upper and lower Indus plains, (vi) Thar desert.